There are many species of fish that can be caught using different surface and topwater fishing methods, and using a variety of these methods to target them adds a lot of fun and excitement to a fishing trip when things go to plan.
The key to success is making sure you are presenting whatever style of bait or lure you are using, in a way that causes a fish to strike.
Fish usually strike for one of 2 reasons,
- Because what you have presented resembles the food source it would normally feed on
- It is an aggressive predatory fish that will strike at anything that looks good enough to eat.
No matter whether you are using artificial baits or real bait it is important to;
“Get the presentation right, to get the fish to want to bite!”
Trolling is just one form of surface fishing that is usually done from behind a boat or other craft that can travel at a speed that allows your chosen lure to perform the way it is designed, to maximise the chance of it attracting your target species.
Lures or baits that mimic sick or injured fish, and lures that resemble local baitfish work well when towed behind the boat, just in or at the back of the boat wash.
The boat props churning the water are part of the attraction for some fish, as it may resemble a mass of bait fish stirring up the water, so setting your lure or bait in right area of the wash may take a bit of experimentation.
<<Check out the Best Trolling Lures Here!>>
Casting Surface Lures
Throwing a lure from a boat or from the bank, to areas of water that have obvious signs of fish life (busting up on the surface), or among structure where predatory fish might be hiding, can work well if you have chosen the right lure for the job.
There are a whole range of surface lures that are designed to have slightly different actions to produce splashing, noise, reflect light, move in an erratic fashion, or all of the above, to attract the attention of the local predatory fish species.
Surface poppers are used to create splashing across the surface of the water as they are retrieved, to imitate bait fish splashing around, or bugs, mice or reptiles that have landed in the water and are swimming madly to get to the waters edge to safety.
The face of the popper is cupped to push water out as it is retrieved, so twitching the rod tip as you wind in helps to get the water moving and creates the right splashing action.
<<Check out the Best Poppers Here!>>
Stickbaits are more slender than poppers, and work to create a smaller splash on the surface, but also to dart and weave just below the surface to imitate an alarmed baitfish.
They usually come in bright colors and have reflective surfaces to help with the attraction, some stick baits are hollow with something inside that rattles as you drag it through the water.
The action of the rod when retrieving is important to get these lures working well.
<<Check out the Best Stick Baits Here!>>
Crank baits or plugs as they are sometimes called, are smaller lures that are made to resemble small bait fish, these baits sometimes rattle and tend to wobble through the water depending on the speed of your retrieval.
Using the rod tip to twitch the bait mixed with different tempos of retrieval, get these lures working at their best.
Throwing these lures among structure and letting them sink a bit to reach the level of the predatory fish, before starting the retrieval, will usually fire up even the sleepiest of fish.
<<Check out the Best Crank baits Here!>>
Soft plastic now come in every shape and size you could possibly imagine and resemble pretty much everything that a fish would be likely to eat.
Frogs, centipedes, worms, bugs and lizards are just a few of the types of creatures you will find in a mix of soft plastic lures.
The secret to success with soft plastics is getting the right size jig head to get the depth you want to fish at, as well as placing the hook correctly to get the most natural action from whatever creature you are using.
<<Get the Best Soft Plastics Here!>>
Spinners, spinnerbaits and spoons, are all lures that use a spinning action to attract fish due to the shiny surfaces, vibration or movement, that is similar to a large insect thrashing around in the water, or injured bait fish.
These lures are purely cast and retrieve, adjusting the speed of the retrieve to get the spinner moving correctly through the water.
<<Check out the Best Spinning Lures Here!>>
Probably the most traditional of the fishing lures, flies usually fall into 2 categories.
- Wet Flies
- Dry Flies
The idea of these 2 flies is to imitate the life cycle of an insect, from egg to nymph to adult, all of which at some stage a hungry fish might decide to dine on.
The use of material such as hair and feathers in a variety of colors, helps these flies to resemble the various insects that might live around the water that you are fishing in.
It is the technique of presenting these various flies to the fish that is certainly the most challenging and can take some time to master.
<<Check out the Best Flies Here!>>