Tips, Knots, Rigs and Reviews

Fishing Tips, Knots, Rigs and Reviews

Here I will post all the latest fishing tips and tricks that you need to know when it comes to fishing.

Find the ideal rig, and learn how to tie the right knots, to make sure your going to have the best possible chance of finding and catching your target species.

Watch out for reviews on all the latest gear and gadgets, and check back on a regular basis for updates and news.

Read the Latest Here.


Surf Fishing Tips

Surf Fishing Tips

Surf Fishing Tips

Surf fishing is a very popular form of fishing and there are a few things you

need to look at if you want the best chance of success.

Most Surf fishing is done by standing on the shoreline or in the surf itself, along with the elements of danger that this may present, there are other factors you may want to consider when choosing the gear to use for certain circumstances.

Below are some surf fishing tips that may help.

Stay Safe.

The first priority for any fisherman should be safety. Being mindful of rising tides, waves and possible undertows when standing in the surf to cast etc. needs to be a constant awareness and re-assessment of potential dangers at all times.

Tip 1

If you decide to use waders during surf fishing, make sure you have a wader belt. This belt will be very important as it will make sure that water does not get into the waders in case you fall into the water, also a personal floatation device (PFD), is also a highly recommended.

Where to fish

Beach Fishing Tips

To have a successful surf fishing experience, you need to have a proper

reconnaissance of the area you are going to fish in.

Use local knowledge if you have any, or scout out sandbanks, holes, gutters and channels to find where there may be fish feeding or moving around to escape rough seas etc.

Use a high vantage point like up sand dunes, and low tide is always a good time to find where the best spots may be later on when the tide comes in, and always keep an eye out for bird action like circling or diving for bait fish.

Tip 2

The best time for surf fishing is during dusk or dawn. This is the time when fish come out to feed.  More care needs to be taken due to visibility restrictions during these times, so wearing appropriate reflective clothing and having a head torch etc. might come in handy

Rod Choice.

A long rod at least 10 foot and up to 15 feet is best for surf casting if you need to get out wide and up high over waves, but if you have a nice gutter close to shore to fish, and conditions are calm, even a regular 6 foot rod can do the trick.

Some of new rods from Daiwa and Shimano that are specifically designed for surf fishing have the length required but are super light and sensitive enough to feel the lightest of bites in the surf.

<Check out a range of the best surf rods>

Reel ChoiceSurf Fishing Reels

The original surf reels were heavy die-cast, wood or fiberglass side-cast reels that were the main choice due to minimal moving parts to corrode up, and heavy duty enough to handle being dragged through the sand occasionally.

Today a good side cast reel is still an option if you are doing a lot of surf fishing (they are now light weight, strong and built to withstand sand and salt water), or a heavier spin reel that is designed to handle beach conditions is also a good option.

<Check out a range of the best surf reels>

Line Choice

The choice of fishing line needs to be considered depending on the conditions you are fishing in.

There are 2 choices of line that best suit surf fishing, braid and monofilament. Monofilament has a much higher abrasion resistance than braid, which is better in rough surf conditions where your bait and line are being dragged along the sand, this can wear and damage braided line quit quickly so monofilament is best in these conditions.

Braided fishing line is good for calmer conditions when fish are a little more cautious and feeling the bite is easier due to the lack of stretch in this type of line, it allows you to feel and set the hooks much easier than with monofilament.

As a leader I would recommend fluorocarbon over monofilament as it is also abrasion resistant and it has the same refraction index as water so it is virtually invisible to fish, and you can fish a little bit lighter using a fluorocarbon leader.

Tip 3Monofilament Fishing Line

If braid is your main fishing line choice, add 20 or 30 feet of monofilament to the end as a buffer, to limit how much of your braid is being dragged through the sand.

The right rig

The surf fishing rig is probably the simplest rig set up, it usually consists of 3 to 4 foot fluorocarbon or monofilament leader on a running sinker rig.

The idea of the running sinker rig is that as the fish grabs the bait the line runs through the sinker and the fish doesn’t feel the weight of it, this minimizes you spooking the fish giving you more time to set the hook.

If your using worms for bait use a size 4 long shank hook, otherwise vary your hook size dependent on the type of bait your using and the species you are targeting.

Tip 4

Use the lightest set up possible for the fish you are targeting and the conditions your fishing in to maximize the sensitivity you have to feel the fish strike.

Running sinker rig


The choice of baits you will use for your surf fishing will depend on what you are trying to catch, but usually whatever bait is abundant and live in that location is usually what the fish are coming in for. Live worms, pippies, small crabs or other small fish work best, but if you have to buy bait check with the shop owner as to what has been working locally.


Surf fishing can be fun, very rewarding and really doesn’t require a great deal of fancy gear to get you going.

Look for gutters close to shore where fish are feeding, use bait that is live and collected from the local area, use a light setup to get the most sensitivity you can from your gear, and stay safe by watching the signs and avoid dangerous surf conditions.

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The Right Fishing Rod

Fishing rodThe Right Fishing Rod

No matter what type of fishing you do, having the right rod for the job is paramount.

There are so many types and brands of rods available, it is difficult to know what you need to get the best outcome from every one of your fishing adventures.


Fishing Rod Technology

The days of the old bamboo pole are gone (although I still have one in the garage!) and rod building has become a science, with manufacturers using space age materials to create rods that are much more an integral part of the way we fish today.

In some cases you may find a rod that can be used for more than one fishing application, but in most cases rods are now built with a single application in mind.

If your on a tight budget you really need to think about the type of fishing you will be doing the most of, and the main species you will be targeting, to narrow down the rod choice that will best suit your needs, until you can afford more specialized equipment.

Where to start with your fishing rod choice?

I always recommend you start with looking at the type of fishing you will be doing

Some of these categories will cross over, but are the best place to begin, as most of these will require a completely different rod to suit these types of fishing.

Rod Specifications

When choosing a rod there are 2 main things that determine what a rod will be best suited for, these factors are power and action.


The power rating is the strength needed to move a fish.

Rods are designed with various materials that give the varying degrees of this strength.

Choosing a rod with the right power rating means taking into consideration the size and fighting ability of the species you are targeting.


The action of a rod describes where it flexes during the cast and retrieve, it is a combination of both materials and components of the rod which will determine it’s performance.

A rod with extra fast action flexes closest to the tip, as the action descends from extra fast to slow, the flex descends through the rod blank towards the butt of the rod.

Different types of fishing require a different action to enable good bait presentation, proper performance of lure and smooth delivery and retrieve

Rod specifications
Shimano Rod Specifications Key

Fishing Rod components

The rod blank and it’s Power and Action are the basics of a good rod, but having the other components of good quality, help to make a rod reliable and comfortable top use.

These components are the guides and grip.

GuidesRod guides

The types and quality of guides can make a huge difference in the long term performance of a rod.

Poor quality guides can cause unnecessary friction when casting and retrieving, which may damage your line or limit your ability to cast well.



Having a good grip material is a lot about comfort as well as a little about safety.Fishing rod grips

You want long lasting grip materials that won’t effect the performance of your rod while making is as comfortable to hold onto when the pressure is on.

Grips can be cork rubber or even a mix of both with protectants from both salt water and UV light to help them last longer


Benefit of More Than One Piece

How many pieces a rod came in, once upon a time was an indication of it’s strength.Telescopic fishing rods

Each join was considered a weak point when the rod was at full flex. Not any more!

Due to today’s travelling fisherman, manufacturers have designed rods that can be broken down into 2 or 3 parts, or even telescopic fishing rods to make them perfect for the traveller, but designed to enhance some of the strength components of the rod at these joins.

Now where there is a join, is usually at the section where a rod needs the extra stiffness of a joint, to compliment it’s power without effecting it’s action, so most rods that now come in more than one piece, are as good if not better than one piece rods, but also have the ability to be broken down and travel much easier.

The Right Fishing Rod

Choosing the right fishing rod comes down to matching it with the main style of fishing you do, and sized for the power and action requirements of the size of fish species you will be targeting.

Choose a rod brand that has the best quality components for the amount of money you can afford, and if travel or storage space is limited, choose a rod that breaks down into several pieces, but doen’t compromise the integrity of the rod structure itself.


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